Fishing exploits a wild natural resource and until the 1970s and the 1980s, the abundance of catches favoured its industrialization, leading to the depletion of some stocks (herring, cod, etc.). Meanwhile, the development of aquaculture contributed to meeting the growing demand, though without reducing the pressure on marine stocks. This brief describes the main negative externalities of fishing and aquaculture on the environment, and presents some solutions to address them.
The notes published in the CEP Analyses series present in 4 pages the main reflections on a topical subject falling within the fields of intervention of the ministère de l'Agriculture et de l'Alimentation. Depending on the issue, they favor a prospective, strategic or evaluative approach.